Project Brief “Integrated Air Quality Management and Climate Change Mitigation ((AQM & CCM) in the framework of the World Bank’s Pollution Management and Environmental Health (PMEH) Programme”.
Air pollution causes a huge impact on wellbeing, ecology and economy. WHO estimates for 2012 that 33 deaths per 100.000 capita occurred in Vietnam due to AAP. Approximately 6 million premature deaths occur annually due to air pollution, making it a major global health risk and top priority for international as well as national health and environmental politics.
The project AQM & CCM is designed to support the development of effective policies and plans for AQM and GHG emissions reductions in PMEH partner countries and thus the implementation of NDCs.
In Vietnam, the project aims at supporting the government of Vietnam to enhance the development of effective policies and integrated plans for Air Quality Management (AQM) and Green House Gases (GHG) Emissions Reductions that are ready for implementation in Vietnam. The increased knowledge of decision makers and technical staff as well as their increased capacities contributes to better designed and effectively implemented AQM policies, laws and plans such as Climate change adaptation and mitigation plans, green transportation, Clean Air Plan and Environmental Protection laws. Besides, robust data help to measure GHG, pollution, its composition, its sources and the impact different policies have on them. Though a legal framework for environment protection exists, this has to be improved in light of GHG reduction and air pollution control. This project will address those needs. Results and lessons-learnt from Vietnam will be a guidance to other PMEH programme countries.
Hopefully, with the effective implementation, this project will bring several benefits. Linking AQM with GHG emissions reductions paves the way for policies that address both topics simultaneously – with short term results as well as long term GHG reductions. Since those policies will be related to the participating countries’ NDCs, a contribution at the global level towards fulfilling the Paris Agreement is expected, consisting of measures against short term as well as long term global warming. The resource bill, specifically regarding fuel consumption will decrease as well. Reduction of air pollution and GHG emissions will generate considerable co-benefits for public health, ecosystems and GDP, e.g. reduced personal as well as public health costs, less forgone labour gains due to illness, less harvest losses, improved well-being, less pollution of ecosystems – thereby securing ecosystem functions.