Viet Nam is one of the countries most affected by climate change worldwide. Historically it has been a minor contributor to global warming. However, projections show that greenhouse gas emissions in Viet Nam continue to rise, mainly driven by the energy sector. Today already, Vietnam ́s energy intensity – the amount of energy consumption per unit of the GDP – is high compared to other countries in the region.

The impacts of climate change are already noticeable across the country: Average temperatures are rising faster as compared to global trends, extreme weather events are increasing in frequency and intensity, and sea levels are rising. Many people continue to suffer from devastating floods, droughts and saline intrusion, threatening livelihoods, agriculture, food safety and ecosystems.

The Vietnamese government recognizes the challenge of climate change and the risk of a carbon lock-in, and has developed national, sub-national and sectoral policies and programs to address climate vulnerability and to promote low-carbon development and green growth.

What is a NAMA and which opportunities does it provide for Viet Nam?

NAMAs refer to any action initiated by the government that reduces emissions in developing and transition countries. Thereby, ́action` includes policies, strategies or preparatory and capacity building for measures which will result …

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NAMA-related policies in Viet Nam

Core climate mitigation policies in Viet Nam are the National Climate Change Strategy (NCCS), the Green Growth Strategy (VGGS) and their related Action Plans. The legal framework is supplemented by…

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Institutional arrangements for climate change mitigation under the UNFCCC

Viet Nam is a member to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and ratified both the Kyoto Protocol (in 2002) and the Paris Agreement (in 2016)…

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NAMAs in the light of the Paris Agreement

Although there is no explicit indication of the term  ́NAMA` in the Paris Agreement, Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions continue to be essential on the way towards low-carbon development. As such, the term…

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